Building Materials &
Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC) was set up in 1990 by the then
Ministry of Urban Development (now Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty
Alleviation) as an apex level inter-Ministerial organisation for
promotion, development and large scale dissemination of appropriate,
cost-effective, eco-friendly and energy-efficient building materials and
technologies. The Council maintains a continuing interaction with
industry, concerned associations/federations, industrial promotional
agencies financial institutions, construction organisations of public
and private sectors, R&D standardisation institutions and NGOs.
operationalise a comprehensive and integrated approach for technology
development, transfer and investment promotion to encourage application of
environment-friendly & energy-efficient innovative materials,
manufacturing technologies and disaster resistant construction practices
for housing and buildings in urban and rural areas
Promote development, production, standardization and large-scale
application of cost- effective innovative building materials and
construction technologies in housing and building sectors
promote manufacturing of new waste-based building materials and
components through technical support, facilitating fiscal concessions
and encouraging entrepreneurs to set up production units in different
urban and rural regions.
develop and promote methodologies and technologies for natural disaster
mitigation, vulnerability and risk reduction and
retrofitting/reconstruction of buildings and disaster resistant design
and planning practices in human settlements.
provide support services to professionals, construction agencies and
entrepreneurs in selection, evaluation, upscaling, design engineering,
skill upgradation and marketing for technology transfer, from lab to
land, in the area of building materials and construction.
- Improving the policy environment for
sustained growth of cost-effective building materials, production and
- Promotion of production units of
building materials/components based on Flyash, Redmud, Phosphogypsum,
agricultural residues and other wastes and by-products.
- Modernisation of small scale and
village level building materials production units in rural and urban
- Promoting economy in construction
- Formulation of standards for local
- Strengthening industrial extension
services for attracting more investment in building materials sector by
working with national and international agencies.
- Upscaling of technologies, know-how
acquisition, absorption and dissemination.
- Assessing vulnerability and risk in
natural disaster, prone areas.
- Promoting disaster resistant
- Global technology search and
encouraging joint ventures in building materials and construction
STRENGTHS OF BMTPC
Strong operational relationship and close networking
with premier R&D, standardisation and academic institutions and
technology promotion organisations.
Development of technologies having potential for
commercialisation and transfer for wide scale field application.
Functions as a clearing house of innovative building
materials and construction technologies particularly for environment
friendly, energy efficient and waste based technologies.
Assisting building materials enterprises in their
upgradation and modernisation plans.
Identification, evaluation and standardization of
building materials and technologies. Operating Performance Appraisal
Certification Scheme (PACS) to cover the new technologies.
Forecasting technological requirements, social and
environmental implications of various technologies and charting out
emerging areas for further research and development.
Capabilities for advising new entrepreneurs in
technology selection prototype development and setting up of production
units on commercial level.
Mobilising intersectoral policy support like fiscal
concessions, tax concessions, etc. for promoting investment and
technology transfer in the area of building materials.
Design and development of housing projects using cost
effective and disaster resistant technologies.
Recognition as a knowledge centre in the area of
natural disaster mitigation and management particularly in the areas of
vulnerability and risk assessment, hazard mapping, rapid damage
assessment to housing stock in post disaster scenario and preparation of
Technology Action Plan for repairs, reconstruction and retrofitting of
housing and building stock. Prepared Vulnerability Atlas of India, which
has been widely recognised nationally and internationally, particularly
for evolving pro-active pre-disaster strategy including advice on
- Creating international exposure for Indian Building Materials &
Construction Technologies in developing countries of South-East Asian,
African and Latin American regions as per their housing needs.
Working with Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), BMTPC
developed Indian Standards on nearly 22 proven technologies. Backed by
the force of standardisation, continued persuasion and advocacy by the
Council, CPWD and other public construction agencies have incorporated
these new technologies in their schedules of specifications. Several
State agencies in Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala have
also inducted new technologies in their specifications for housing
Selected 27 types of agro-industrial wastes,
by-products, residues, natural fibres, plantation timbers for use as
inputs in the manufacture of building materials and today nearly 600
units were engaged in the manufacture of waste based building materials
Through Council's efforts, more than 100 importers
got the benefit of custom duty and excise duty exemption and more than
600 units received fiscal incentives.
BMTPC promoted and strengthened some of the existing
ones, 106 demonstration-cum-production units for manufacturing of
building materials and components. These include improving production
base of 82 selected Building Centres in different parts of the country
and 24 enterprises owned by private entrepreneurs, NGOs and corporate
22 technologies of innovative building materials were
developed with its help and were licensed to private entrepreneurs for
commercial production. One of the most recent one Bamboo Mat Corrugated
sheets for roofing as a substitute for asbestos or iron corrugated
sheets. Nowhere in the world such a component with bamboo has been
developed. The technology has already been passed on for commercial
production and an unit has been set up in Meghalaya by a private
entrepreneur. The Council has also transferred the technology for
commercial production of Finger Jointing and Shaping Machine to a
Ahmedabad based entrepreneur. The entrepreneur has started fabricating
the machines as per BMTPC design.
30 Machines for production of cost effective building
components were developed/promoted and were transferred to private
entrepreneurs for commercial production. More than 1000 machines of
different types are already being used for commercial production of
building components in the country and 135 machines have been exported
to other countries.
brought out 75 publications, which include 21 video films, 26 priced
books/manuals/directories and 28 brochures, pamphlets, booklets, etc.
The Commemorative Volume -Building Materials in
India: 50 years -brought out by the BMTPC is a unique publication giving
a vivid account of the progress of building materials over five decades.
The publication presents initiatives taken in areas of R&D,
Standardisation, technology promotion/dissemination, diffusion and
adoption at industry level. While covering emerging trends and latest
developments in use of wastes, recycling technologies, performance and
durability of new materials, it highlights research and development
areas needed to be addressed in future. This publication was released in
1998 by the Hon'ble Prime Minister of India.
The Council has established continuing and strong
linkages for development of technology with several academic
institutions having good R&D groups like IITs (Kanpur, Roorkee, Chennai,
Delhi), Engineering Colleges in few States and research labs working
under Ministry of Environment & Forests (Indian Plywood Industries
Research & Training Institute), Deptt. of Science and Technology (Wadia
Institute of Himalayan Geology, Technology Information Forecasting and
Assessment Council, and Indian Meteorological Department, Geological
Survey of India), Anna University (Centre of Disaster Mitigation and
Management), R. V. Engineering College (Composites Design Centre),
Centre for Environment Planning & Technology, BVB College of Engineering
& Technology, etc.
Conducted 10 region-specific disaster impact rapid
Prepared the Vulnerability Atlas of India (1997),
which is a benchmark document to predict and assess possible disasters
in various regions of the country. The Atlas is being revised in
digitised format and would be available shortly.
Introduced the Performance Appraisal Certification
Scheme to appraise the new technologies for which the Council has been
authorised vide Gazette Notification No.49 dated 4th December 1999.
The Council has put up demonstration buildings in
Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Punjab, Orissa, Jammu, Karnataka,
New Delhi, Mizoram, Tripura, etc.
To meet the needs of jawans and officers posted at
the border areas, the BMTPC has put up 2 demonstration Green Houses for
Indo-Tibetan Border Police at Leh. These green house huts have been
designed to provide controlled temperature conditions for growing of
vegetables in these high altitude locations.
Encouraged by cost-effective technologies, the Delhi
State Industrial Development Corporation (DSIDC) is using these
technologies in the construction of 3160 houses for industrial workers
at Bawana. Recently, 500 housing units were handed over to the
Greater Noida Authority is also constructing 800
houses by using cost-effective technologies with technical help from
On the international front, it organised exhibitions
of Indian technologies and building materials at Thailand (Bangkok),
Turkey (Istanbul), Trinidad & Tobago (Port of Spain, Tobago, San
Fernando), Kenya (Nairobi), Uganda (Kampala), Tanzania (Dar-es-Salaam),
Venezuela (Caracas), Brazil (Sao Paulo) and Bhutan (Thimpu). The Council
organised several workshops under India-UNIDO programme in Italy, Kenya,
Uganda, Tanzania, Venezuela, China and India.
An Indian Shelter Support Centre has been established
at Trinidad & Tobago which was gifted by Hon'ble Prime Minister of India
to the host Government in February 1999.
Under the Asian Development Bank Technical Assistance
Programme for State of Uttaranchal, the Council rendered consultancy in
the area of vulnerability and risk reduction as part of long-term
disaster mitigation strategy. The professional inputs were provided to
Asian Disaster Preparedness Centre, Bangkok who are working as the main
consultants for the ADB Project.
Bilateral cooperation agreement/protocols has been
signed with United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO),
Trinidad & Tobago and Canada Mortgage Housing Corporation.
In so far as inter-ministerial work is concerned,
BMTPC worked closely with the Planning Commission, Departments of
Science and Technology, Power, Revenue, Ministries of Environment &
Forests, Rural Development, Urban Development, Home Affairs, Agriculture
and the Small Scale Industries.
The Council, through its first Model Houses of 252
dwelling units under VAMBAY in Bangalore demonstrated proven innovative,
eco friendly and cost effective building materials and technologies with
a splendid success. The specifications used were R.C.C filler slab for
roofing, Precast R.C.C Door Frame, Door Shutters using coir and Bamboo
Composite Materials, locally available Random Rubble Stone Masonry in
foundation & Plinth and load bearing masonry in solid concrete flyash
blocks without compromising with functional utility and structural
safety requirements. The housing project is being appreciated for its
layout, quality of construction and the cost-effectiveness.
A Model Toilet was designed and constructed for
primary school boys in Indian Airlines Colony, Vasant Vihar, New Delhi
using cost effective technologies. Using Rat Trap Bond Masonry in burnt
clay and flyash bricks, precast ferrocement roofing channel for roofing
and door shutters made of plantation timber there has been saving in
cost compared to conventional construction.
The Council organised a International Seminar and
Exhibition on “Managing Low Cost & Innovative Housing Technologies”,
from 22 – 27 August, 2004 in Ahmedabad, India, jointly with United
Nations Industrial Development Organization-International Centre for
Advancement of Manufacturing Technology (UNIDO-ICAMT), Housing and Urban
Development Corporation Limited (HUDCO) and Entrepreneurship Development
The Council organized a One Day Workshop “Technology
Options for Cost Effective and Earthquake Resistant Construction in
Housing” in collaboration with Standards and Quality Control Authority (SQCA),
Ministry of Works and Human Settlement, Govt. of Bhutan. Five
presentations covering cost effective materials/technologies, earthquake
resistant construction, vulnerability of houses to natural hazards,
performance evaluation of materials and retrofitting of buildings for
safety against earthquakes were presented. It was attended by more than
100 engineers from different parts of Bhutan.
On the invitation from Standards and Quality Control
Authority (SQCA), Ministry of works & Housing Settlement, Royal Govt. of
Bhutan, the Council prepared feasibility study for establishment of
Technology Demonstration-cum-Production Centre in Bhutan and submitted
to SQCA for further action.
The Council organised a State Level Painting
Competition in MCD Schools on the theme saving environment, cleanliness,
conservation of water and general awareness for celebrating the World
Habitat Day - 2005. 24 MCD schools participated in the competition. The
Council received a large number of paintings prepared by school children
of MCD Schools. The best paintings were awarded cash prize and
certificates during the celebration of World Habitat Day on 3rd October,
Organised 22 Training Programmes on various themes.
More than 422 participants representing Govt. Organizations, PSUs &
Private Industry took part in these training programmes.
An International Expert Group Meeting on “Appropriate
Technologies for Sustainable Buildings in Developing Countries” was
organized in cooperation with UNIDO’s International Centre for Science &
High Technology (ICS), Trieste, Italy and International Centre for
Advancement of Manufacturing Technology (ICAMT), India at Bangalore
during 07-09 November, 2005. The event was attended by seven
International participants from six countries namely; Italy, Tanzania,
Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bhutan, Nepal and 30 national participants from all
over the country as well as 10 local participants from Bangalore.
A Training program on “Field Level Application of
Innovative Technologies “, for petty contractors, masons and workers was
organized in Jaipur from 23-25 February, 2006. The training programme
was supported by ICAMT-UNIDO. 30 participants attended the programme and
benefited the most.
Based on the persistent efforts of the Council, the
Visveswaraya Technological University at Belgaum, Karnataka has
introduced “Alternative Building Materials and Technologies for 7th
Semester of Civil Engineering as an elective subject. This will pave-way
for intensifying efforts at the national level with AICTE and other
institutions for recognition of alternative building materials and
technologies as a regular subject. The course will also help in
developing required technological manpower for the alternative building
materials industry and text books will become available by practioners
in the field.
the need for developing alternate environment-friendly and
cost-effective roofing materials based on local resources in
North-Eastern region and other earthquake prone and hilly regions, the
BMTPC and the IPIRTI, have jointly developed a technology for
manufacturing of Bamboo Mat Corrugated Sheets (BMCS). The Council has
transferred this technology to a private entrepreneur in Meghalaya for
commercial production and marketing.
Relating to saving of forest wood
Banning the use of wood
in works of CPWD -by the then Ministry of Urban Development (1994)
concessions/exemptions on wood substitute, building materials/components
in successive Union Budgets since 1992-93.
to saving of fertile agricultural soil
Gazette Notification by Ministry of Environment & Forests banning
production of burnt clay bricks within 100 km radius of any thermal
power plant generating Flyash.
Excise duty exemption on
all products using Flyash and phosphogypsum resulted in widely scattered
production of flay ash and gypsum based bricks/blocks thereby replacing
burnt clay bricks.
Recent order issued by
Govt. of Delhi to use in all buildings (upto 2 storeys) and boundary
walls only Flyash bricks.
Order issued by Andhra
Pradesh Government to use Flyash bricks/blocks in all public housing
Relating to Energy Savings/Conservation
No.14 of April 13, 1996
No.488 of Octgober 5, 1993
Efficiency in Buildings and Development of Energy Conservation
Building Codes as the thrust areas of recently formulated Action Plan
by Ministry of Power emanating from Energy Conservation Act 2001.
The Concil has provideed
its opinion to world Bank about quality, suitability for application and
enviorment friendlines of three products/ technologies namely Fly Ash
Lime Gypsum(FAl-G) Bricks, Vertical shaft Brick Kiln (VSBK) Techonology
& Gypcrete panels for their eligility for Carbon Credit under Clean
Development Project (CDM).
to boost entrepreneurial activity and attract investment for production of
materials based on agro-industrial wastes
Based on the
recommendations of the Council, number of proven building materials
(Cement Bonded Particle Boards, Jute Particle Board, Rice Husk Board,
Glass Fibre Reinforced Gypsum Board, Sisal Fibre Board, Bagasse Board,
Resin Bonded Bamboo Mats, Resin Bonded Bamboo Corrugated Roofing Sheets,
Flyash/Phosphogypsum/Red Mud bricks/blocks, Mosaic Tiles, Light Weight
(Solid or Hollow) Concrete Building Block, Prefabricated Building
Materials, Sand Lime Bricks, Roofing Tiles, Burnt Clay Tiles,
Prefabricated Buildings, Ready Mix Concrete) have been provided
concession/exemption for levy of excise duty in successive Union
components produced by Building Centres are also exempted from levy of
concessions/exemptions have also been mobilised for various
machines/plant/equipment required for production of Flyash and
phosphogypsum based materials and few materials (to save forest wood,
States have also given Sales Tax and Octroi concessions for promoting
alternate materials and their production.
executive decisions to
Few housing and building
organisations to use only newly developed (fibre based) door shutters in
Some agencies have
decided to use only RMC (Ready Mixed Concrete) in their special types of
works. This has resulted in saving of cement, enhancing use of Flyash
and improving quality of concrete.
Many private sector
construction agencies have been convinced to make use of prefab
components and Flyash based concrete components in their projects.
Regimes to promote concepts of safety against natural
Council’s efforts, the Gujarat Govt. issued notification amending their
Building Bye-laws, Development Control Regulations for Corporations,
Cities and bigger municipal towns.
With the efforts
of the Council, the Ministry of Urban Development & Poverty Alleviation
issued a Gazette Notification making the suitable amendments/additions
in Building Bye-laws of Delhi.
technical support to the Committee set up by Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)
for Preparation of Model Town and Country Planning Legislation, Zoning
Regulation Development Control and Building Regulation/Bye_laws for
Safety against Natural Hazards. To disseminate the recommendations,
organising Workshop in 21 States. So far, 8 workshops in the States of
Tamil Nadu, Chhatisgarh, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Uttar
Pradesh, Assam and Tripura have been organised.
undertook rapid assessment of nature and extent of damage to buildings
after the earthquakes of Uttarkashi (1991), Latur (1993), Jabalpur
(1997), Chamoli (1999), Kutchchh (2001), cyclones of Tamil Nadu, Kerala,
Andhra Pradesh in 1994 and cyclone in East & West Godavari districts
(1996), Gujarat (1998) and floods in Punjab, Haryana (1996). Based on
the assessment, prepared Technology Options for repair, reconstruction
and retrofitting of houses for disaster affected areas.
jointly with Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority constructed 478
model buildings in 478 villages and retrofitted 445 public buildings to
demonstrate disaster resistant technologies. Provided Training to 5000
masons and 50 engineers in Gujarat.
technical support to Asian Disaster Preparedness Centre under ADB Funded
Project on Strengthening Disaster Mitigation and Management in
technical support to National Task Force constituted by MHA for Special
Study of Lakshadweep Islands to assess vulnerability to various hazards
and suggest mitigation/ prevention measures.
designs for Tsunami affected region of Andaman & Nicobar Islands and
providing technical assistance to Govt. of Tamil Nadu for construction
of 20 units each in Tsunami affected areas of Chennai and Cuddalore.
Guidelines for Improving Earthquake, Wind/Cyclone, Flood and Landslide
resistance of housing and also prepared Manuals, Do’s and Don’ts,
Posters, Pamphlets, etc. in local languages.
Training Programmes on Disaster Resistant Technologies. Also involved in
providing Training to 300 engineers in J&K after the recent earthquake.
Ministry of Rural
Development has issued a Circular to all States making it necessary to
adopt disaster resistant construction features in houses being built
under Indira Awas Yojana in disaster prone regions and States.
of Maharashtra and Gujarat were persuaded to undertake retrofitting of
large number of houses in quake affected districts as pro-active
measures after the earthquake of Latur (1993) and Kutchch (2001).
- To enforce the
techno-legal regime, necessary modifications to be made in building
bye-laws, regulations, land-use planning/zoning and Town & Country
Planning and Master Planning act have been worked out based on the
recommendations of the Expert Group for Vulnerability Atlas.