Twenty Point Programme – 2006

            The Twenty Point Programme -1986 has been restructured in conformity with the priorities of the Government as contained in the National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP), the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the United Nations and the SAARC Social Charter.  The restructured Programme, called Twenty Point Programme – 2006 (TPP-2006), was approved by the Cabinet on 5th October, 2006 and operated w.e.f 1.4.2007.

INTRODUCTION

               The Twenty Point Programme (TPP) was launched by the Government of  India in 1975.  The Programme was first revised in 1982 and again in 1986.  Over the years, the need for restructuring the Programme has been felt in the light of achievements and experiences, as well as the introduction of several new policies and programmes by the Government of  India.              

            The prrogrammes and schemes under the TPP-2006 are in harmony with the priorities contained in the National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP).  It renews the nation’s commitment to eradicating poverty, raising productivity, reducing income inequalities and removing social and economic disparities.         

            The Ministry in consultation with the States/UTs fixes the physical targets in respect of the points mentioned below and monitors the progress made by them.  The States/UTs are required to furnish Progress Report to this Ministry.  The performance is rated on the basis of norms set by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation – 90% and above as very good – 80% to 90% good and less than 80% - poor.  

 The Twenty Point Programme – 2006 consists of 20 points and 66 monitorable items.   Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (HUPA)  is the nodal Ministry for the following three points:-

I.                    GARIBI HATAO (POVERTY ERADICATION)-URBAN AREAS

            The eradication of poverty has been an integral component of the strategy for economic development in India. High poverty levels are synonymous with poor quality of life, deprivation of basic needs, poor health, malnutrition, illiteracy and low human resource development. Providing employment is the most important method of eradicating poverty. To deal with urban poverty “Swaranjayanti Sehhari Rojgar Yojana” has been identified.

Physical Progress (Cumulative) under USEP component

II.             SUBKE LIYE AWAS (HOUSING FOR ALL) - EWS/LIG Houses in Urban Areas

The Government is committed to a comprehensive programme for Urba renewal and to massive expansion of housing in town and cities and also housing for weaker section in rural areas. The Point Subke Liya Aawas has the item - EWS/LIG Houses in Urban areas. To deal with the problem of houses for economically weaker sections and low income groups in urban areas, the items “EWS/LIG Houses in Urban areas” has been included.  

          The targets and achievements for the year 2008-09

III.     BASTI SUDHAR (IMPROVEMENT OF SLUMS) -Number of Urban poor families assisted under seven point charter viz. land tenure, housing at affordable cost, water, sanitation, health, education, and social security.

        Urban slums, particularly in the big cities of our country, are the picture of human misery and degradation, Urbanization is an inevitable phenomenon of moderanization and economic development. Slums grow as a result of structural inequities in the development of the urban sector. Due to the high price of land and housing and low purchasing power, the urban poor are forced to join the existing slums for cheap shelter or to occupy any vacant land/areas wherever available in the city. With a view to paying particular attention to the needs of slum dwellers the Point titled Basti Sudhar will monitor number of Urban poor families assisted under the seven point charter viz. land tenure, housing at affordable cost, water, sanitation, health, education and social security.

          The targets and achievements for the year 2008-09

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